eISSN: 2345-4202  
J Nephropharmacol. 2019;8(1):3-3.
doi:10.15171/npj.2019.03

Original

Red cell distribution width as a prognostic marker in diabetes; a pilot cross-sectional study

Saeed Shirali 1, Sara Bahadoram 2, Seyed Mohamad Kazem Nourbakhsh 3, Mohammad Bahadoram 4 * , Ali Asghar Valipour 5, Fatemeh Javanmardi 6

1 Hyperlipidemia Research Center, Department of Laboratory Sciences School of Paramedical Sciences, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Department of Pediatrics, Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4 Medical Student Research Committee, Faculty of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
5 School of Public Health, Abadan School of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran
6 Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics of Department of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
*Corresponding author: Mohammad Bahadoram, E-mail: Email: mohammadbahadoram@yahoo.com

Abstract

Introduction:Red cell distribution width (RDW) is one of the important factors in anisocytosis which is related to impairment of erythropoiesis and degradation of erythrocytes.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of RDW as a prognostic marker in diabetic patients.

Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 144 individuals who referred to laboratories in Khuzestan. Of all, 69 persons were diabetic patients and 75 were non-diabetic.

Results: The mean fasting blood sugar (FBS) and RDW coefficient of variation (RDW-CV), were 85.20 ± 9.12 mg/dL and 13.26 ± 0.69% respectively, in the non-diabetic group, and 238.65 ± 70.54 mg/dL and 13.50 ± 0.74% respectively, in the diabetic group. In this study, a significant difference of mean FBS (P <0.001) and mean RDW (P=0.04) between groups were detected.

Conclusion: In our study, a significant relationship between changes in RDW and changes in blood sugar in diabetic patients was detected. Studying RDW in diabetes delineated higher RDW values than in healthy population. Therefore, it can be recommended to apply serum RDW as a prognostic marker for diabetes. However additional studies on this subject are necessary

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

Red cell distribution width (RDW) is a predict incident in diabetics patients. Additionally patients with diabetes have higher RDW than patients without diabetes.

Please cite this paper as: Shirali S, Bahadoram S, Nourbakhsh MK, Bahadoram M, Valipour AA, Javanmardi F. Red cell distribution width as a prognostic marker in diabetes; a pilot cross-sectional study. J Nephropharmacol. 2019;8(1):e03. DOI: 10.15171/npj.2019.03

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Submitted: 20 Aug 2018

Accepted: 03 Nov 2018
First published online: 18 Nov 2018
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