eISSN: 2345-4202  
J Nephropharmacol. 2016;5(1):28-40.

Review

Efficacy of dietary interventions in end-stage renal disease patients; a systematic review

Chaudhary Muhamamd Juniad Nazar 1 * , Micheal Mauton Bojerenu 2, Muhammad Safdar 1, Armughan Ahmed 3, Muhammad Hammad Akhtar 3, Tiffany Billmeier Kindratt 4

1 Department of Nephrology, Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, Pakistan
2 Department of Internal Medicine, Sickle Cell Unit, Harvard University Hospital, Washington DC, USA
3 Department of Nephrology, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Pakistan
4 Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, USA
*Corresponding author: Chanudhary Muhammad Junaid Nazar, Email: dr.cmjnazar@live.co.uk

Abstract

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are common comorbid conditions. Life style, particularly diet is a critical component of treatment for these conditions. Register dietitians play a key role in bridging the gap between the science of nutrition and the empowerment of individuals to alter their lifestyles in a healthy manner. A range of dietary manipulations has been reported to reduce risk factors and decrease risk of CVD and CKD outcomes. However, many studies provided food to participants or were limited to adjustment of few specific nutrients. Diet intervention in relation with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is really complicated topic. As multiple co morbid conditions such as hypertension, CVD, CKD, and diabetes mellitus (DM) are associated with ESRD, which made the scenario really worse while fixing the dose of any diet. Still a lot of research work is required to understand this topic.

Implication for health policy/practice/research/medical education:

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are common comorbid conditions. Life style, particularly diet is a critical component of treatment for these conditions. Register dietitians play a key role in bridging the gap between the science of nutrition and the empowerment of individuals to alter their lifestyle in a healthy manner. A range of dietary manipulations has been reported to reduce risk factors and decrease risk of CVD and CKD outcomes.

Please cite this paper as: Nazar CMJ, Bojerenu MM, Safdar M, Armughan Ahmed A, Akhtar MH, Kindratt TB. Efficacy of dietary interventions in end-stage renal disease patients; a systematic review. J Nephropharmacol. 2016;5(1):28-40.

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First published online: 01 Oct 2015
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